Principles of Organic Agriculture
(Can effective farming without chemicals?)
Organic farming means producing, in which not only excludes the use of synthetic or agro-chemicals, but it manages even improves fertility, quality and sustainability of the soil. Such refinement is achieved through the cultivation of legumes, green manure or plants with deep root system, and through an appropriate multi-annual program of crop rotation, mulching and incorporation of soil organic matter - compost Preferences. Fighting plant diseases has been controlled by mechanical processing and use of biological or natural remedies.
Since the organic farmer is not allowed to counter with chemical agents against weeds and pests, and to compensate for the shortage of nutrients, precaution is the most important obligation. So he must know accurately and continuously monitor soil, climate, its animals. The manufacturer shall ensure that plant diseases and zaplevyavane, danger of erosion and attenuation of water and the extraction and production quantities of products directly affecting the health of soil and activity of soil organisms. One of the most important goals of the owner of organic farm maintenance and improvement of soil fertility through appropriate crop rotation, careful soil cultivation, permanent soil cover with plants (mulch) to facilitate the life in the soil and supply it with organic material .
The farmer uses organic farming in various plants, rotate them properly, well thought out rotations impossible, as some species can not tolerate certain plants to shestvenitsi, and soil repays the change. Specific plant species, however, directly paved the way for specific crops heirs.
Every plant and animal species has many varieties, breeds respectively. Farmer and must be oriented in their diversity and variety to choose so that they can deal with the climate and soil. Modern technology planted in organic farming favors plant health and helps to suppress weeds and pests so that hardly cause damage.
Especially important in an organic farm is supporting these natural enemies that are very beneficial, through planting of suitable shrubs or placement of auxiliary equipment for nesting. Birds and other natural enemies can destroy thousands of harmful insects. A single ladybug eats as 100 aphids a day!
Pests, diseases and weeds are not destroyed by chemically-synthesized substances was deter by supporting ecological balance. Weed can only be removed mechanically. In case of extreme necessity applies natural protection based on natural products. Many of them are already produced and sold. Used also beneficial organisms for pest control, by creating favorable conditions for their development and reproduction